Christ Covenant Church
Rev. Marq Toombs
6 May 2018
God Promised to Rule the World in Christ
Sixth Sunday of Easter
Intro — Recap series
Covenant is the Story of God’s Promise to Redeem the World in Christ.
Recap Adam, Noah, Abraham, to Moses. Expansive / Inclusive
As we have seen, the eternal covenant is a gracious oath sworn by God, secured by blood, and sealed with token-signs for the salvation of his people in space-time history.
Adam – Promise to Rescue the world in Christ
Noah – Promise to Remake the world in Christ
Abraham – Promise to Reward the world in Christ
Moses – Promise to Reconcile the world in Christ
David – Promise to Rule the world in Christ
Each week we have seen the same covenantal pattern: there is a story that points to the Savior. There are shadows and substance along signs and seals of the covenant.
Sermon: God’s Promise to Rule His People in Christ – 2 Samuel 7:4-17
The word of the Lord came to Nathan, “Go and tell my servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord: Would you build me a house to dwell in? I have not lived in a house since the day I brought up the people of Israel from Egypt to this day, but I have been moving about in a tent for my dwelling. In all places where I have moved with all the people of Israel, did I speak a word with any of the judgesof Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd my people Israel, saying, “Why have you not built me a house of cedar?”’ Now, therefore, thus you shall say to my servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel. And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’” In accordance with all these words, and in accordance with all this vision, Nathan spoke to David.
Canonical Context / Story
The roots of the monarchy stretch all the way back to Adam who was created by God, crowned with glory and honor, placed in the garden and commissioned to take dominion over the world and rule over all the creatures God had made on the earth. Adam was God’s vice-gerent, a prototype of the King.
The idea of the monarchy continued to grow among God’s people long before they had a king:
Judah is a lion’s cub;
from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He stooped down; he crouched as a lion
and as a lioness; who dares rouse him?
The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until tribute comes to him;
and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. (ESV)
When God’s people get a king, he will rule over them and the nations.
Move forward a little more and we see that the Law of Moses anticipated / contemplated a king in Israel.
When you come to the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’ you may indeed set a king over you whom the Lord your God will choose. One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you…And when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself in a book a copy of this law, approved by the Levitical priests. And it shall be with him, and he shall read in it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God by keeping all the words of this law and these statutes, and doing them, that his heart may not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, either to the right hand or to the left, so that he may continue long in his kingdom, he and his children, in Israel.
The king was live by the Law of God and lead the people to do the same. (In other words, he was to be a man after God’s own heart!)
Move forward a little more in the Story and we see that things started falling apart in Israel. In the times of the Judges we see a downward spiral that repeats over and over again. Apostasy led to judgments; judges came to deliver; law and order were restored. Then the cycle would repeat.
Judges 17:6; 21:25
“In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.”
Not in God’s eyes according to his law, but according to personal tastes and preferences. Just like Eve at the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Move forward a little more in the Story and we meet a woman named Hannah. She praised God when he finally opened her womb and gave her a child. She gave him to the Lord to serve him all the days of his life. In her prayer she praised God for the gift of a son, notice that she also prayed for the Lord’s king.
1 Samuel 2:9-10 / Hannah’s prayer praising God for baby Samuel
“The Lord will judge the ends of the earth;
he will give strength to his king
and exalt the horn of his anointed.”
This was during the time of the judges when there was no king in Israel. She prayed like a prophetess looking forward to the king which the Lord would set over his people.
When I said there was no still king in Israel I meant there was no human king. The Lord God Almighty was still the King over his people. He ruled over them through his ministers (prophets and priests) and by his word.
But that was not enough for the people. They compared themselves to the nations, felt insecure, and asked for a human king. They wanted to be like the nations, they wanted to obliterate the antithesis, blurring the lines, show that they were just like everyone else.
1 Samuel 8:19-21
But the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel. And they said, “No! But there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.” And when Samuel had heard all the words of the people, he repeated them in the ears of the Lord.
This troubled Samuel deeply, but the Lord reminded him that it was not Samuel the people were rejecting, but the Lord alone. He gave them a king in their image and likeness, the king they deserved, but not the one they needed. Saul was not a man after God’s own heart, rather he was a man after man’s own heart.
The apostle Paul summarizes all these things when he preached a word of encouragement at a synagogue in Acts 13:17-22.
The God of this people Israel chose our fathers and made the people great during their stay in the land of Egypt, and with uplifted arm he led them out of it. And for about forty years he put up with them in the wilderness. And after destroying seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave them their land as an inheritance. All this took about 450 years. And after that he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet. Then they asked for a king, and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. And when God had removed him, he raised up David to be their king, of whom he testified and said, ‘I have found in David the son of Jesse a man after my heart, who will do all my will.’
When David became King God gave him victories and success over his enemies. And when David was an old man, God made a covenant with him.
2 Samuel 7:4-17
The Lord declares to you that the Lord will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’”
Overview of story of the kings from David all the way to Christ.
When the true and better David comes he will fulfill both. He will suffer the punishments deserved by the fallen kings on behalf of God’s people. And he will take his place on the throne of grace.
The word covenant is not used here, but we know it was a covenant because of things the apostles and prophets said. They call it a covenant, an oath sworn by God.
Psalm 89 /
Ethan the Ezrahite tells the story of God’s covenant with David in an epic poem.
I will sing of the steadfast love of the Lord, forever;
with my mouth I will make known your faithfulness to all generations.
For I said, “Steadfast love will be built up forever;
in the heavens you will establish your faithfulness.”
You have said, “I have made a covenant with my chosen one;
I have sworn to David my servant:
‘I will establish your offspring forever,
and build your throne for all generations.’”
My faithfulness and my steadfast love shall be with him,
and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
I will set his hand on the sea
and his right hand on the rivers.
He shall cry to me, ‘You are my Father,
my God, and the Rock of my salvation.’
And I will make him the firstborn,
the highest of the kings of the earth.
My steadfast love I will keep for him forever,
and my covenant will stand firm for him.
I will establish his offspring forever
and his throne as the days of the heavens.
If his children forsake my law
and do not walk according to my rules,
if they violate my statutes
and do not keep my commandments,
then I will punish their transgression with the rod
and their iniquity with stripes,
but I will not remove from him my steadfast love
or be false to my faithfulness.
I will not violate my covenant
or alter the word that went forth from my lips.
Once for all I have sworn by my holiness;
I will not lie to David.
His offspring shall endure forever,
his throne as long as the sun before me.
Like the moon it shall be established forever,
a faithful witness in the skies.” Selah
This epic poem tells us most of what we need to know about God’s promise to rule the world in the Son of David. On the one hand, David’s offspring (seed) shall sit on his throne. On the other hand, David’s offspring shall be disciplined for their disobedience.
Move forward a little more in the Story and we see that things fall apart once again. The offspring of David
In the midst of the chaos and apostasy of the kings the prophets remind the people of God that God’s promises to establish David’s throne have not failed.
For to us a child is born,
to us a son is given;
and the government shall be upon his shoulder,
and his name shall be called
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of his government and of peace
there will be no end,
on the throne of David and over his kingdom,
to establish it and to uphold it
with justice and with righteousness
from this time forth and forevermore.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.
Christotelic Reading / Savior
Acts 13:23, 32-39
Of David’s offspring God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus, as he promised . . . And we bring you the good news that what God promised to the fathers, this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus, as also it is written in the second Psalm,
‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you.’
And as for the fact that he raised him from the dead, no more to return to corruption, he has spoken in this way,
‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.’
Therefore he says also in another psalm,
‘You will not let your Holy One see corruption.’
For David, after he had served the purpose of God in his own generation, fell asleep and was laid with his fathers and saw corruption, but he whom God raised up did not see corruption.
Brothers, let it be known to you therefore that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and by him everyone who believes is freed from everything from which you could not be freed by the law of Moses.
Congregational Reading / Applications –
Jesus is the only king to die and rise again.
Jesus Christ sits on a throne of grace. He is ready and willing to extend his scepter to you and receive you into his presence. He has authority to forgive your sins. All your sins — known nd unknown to you.
Jesus is the King of kings and Lord of lords. He has crushed the serpents head, overcome principality and powers, and restored fellowship with God.
Bow the knee. Confess his name. Swear allegiance to Christ. Put your trust in him. And you shall be saved by the the Savior of the people whom God has appointed for you.