MC, Ten Words, Shorter Catechism

All our Missional Communities will be exploring The Ten Commandments (Deuteronomy 5).
In addition to the scriptures, we will make use of the Shorter Catechism, A Commentary and Study Guide by G.I. Williamson, and How Jesus Transforms the Ten Commandments by Ed Clowney. 

[ Marq in Forney / Bo in Sunnyvale ]

February 28 – The Moral Law / Shorter Catechism Qs 39-41

Q. 39. What is the duty which God requireth of man?
A. The duty which God requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed will (Deut 29:291 Sam 15:22Mic 6:81 John 5:2-3).
Q. 40. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the moral law (Rom 2:14-15; 10:5).
Q. 41. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?
A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the Ten Commandments (Deut 4:13; 10:4; Matt 19:17-19).
March 6 – Preface to the Law / SC Qs 42-44Q.
42. What is the sum of the Ten Commandments?
A. The sum of the Ten Commandments is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbor as ourselves (Matt 22:37-40 [quoting Deut 6:5 and Lev 19:18]).
Q. 43. What is the preface to the Ten Commandments?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments is in these words, I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage (Exod 20:2Deut 5:6).
Q. 44. What doth the preface to the Ten Commandments teach us?
A. The preface to the Ten Commandments teacheth us, that because God is the Lord, and our God, and Redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his commandments (Deut 11:1Luke 1:74-751 Pet 1:15-19).
March 13 – First Commandment / SC Qs 45-48Q.
45. Which is the first commandment?
A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me (Exod 20:3Deut 5:7).
Q. 46. What is required in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment requireth us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God (1 Chr 28:9Deut 26:17); and to worship and glorify him accordingly (Ps 29:2Isa 45:20-25Matt 4:10).
Q. 47. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying (Ps 14:1), or not worshiping and glorifying the true God as God (Rom 1:21), and our God (Ps 81:10-11); and the giving of that worship and glory to any other, which is due to him alone (Ezek 8:16-18Rom 1:25-26)
Q. 48. What are we specially taught by these words, before me, in the first commandment?
A. These words, before me, in the first commandment teach us, that God, who seeth all things, taketh notice of, and is much displeased with, the sin of having any other God (Deut 30:17-18Ps 44:20-21Ezek 8:5-18).
March 20 – Second Commandment / SC Qs 49-52Q.
49. Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments (Exod 20:4-6Deut 5:8-10).
Q. 50. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his Word (Deut 12:32; 32:46; Matt 28:20Acts 2:42).
Q. 51. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshiping of God by images (Deut 4:15-19Exod 32:5, 8Rom 1:22-23), or any other way not appointed in his Word (Lev 10:1-2Deut 12:31-32Jer 19:4-5Col 2:18).
Q. 52. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God’s sovereignty over us (Ps 95:2-3, 6; 96:9-10), his property in us (Exod 19:5Ps 45:11Isa 54:5), and the zeal he hath to his own worship (Exod 34:13-141 Cor 10:22).

April 3 – Third Commandment / SC Qs 53-56

Q. 53. Which is the third commandment?

A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain (Exod 20:7Deut 5:11).
Q. 54. What is required in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverent use of God’s names (Matt 6:9Deut 10:20; 28:58), titles (Ps 29:2; 68:4), attributes (1 Chr 29:10-13Rev 15:3-4), ordinances (Mal 1:11, 14Eccl 5:1Acts 2:421 Cor 11:27-28), Word (Ps 138:1-2Rev 22:18-19), and works (Job 36:24Ps 107:21-22Rev 4:11).
Q. 55. What is forbidden in the third commandment?
A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of anything whereby God maketh himself known (Lev 19:12Mal 1:6-7, 12Mal 2:2; 3:14Matt 5:33-37Jas 5:12).
Q. 56. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment (Deut 28:58-591 Sam 2:12, 17, 22, 29; 3:13; 4:11).
April 10 – Fourth Commandment / SC Qs 57-62Q.
57. Which is the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it (Exod 20:8-11Deut 5:12-15).
Q. 58. What is required in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God such set times as he hath appointed in his Word; expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself (Exod 31:13, 15-17Lev 19:30Deut 5:12-14).
Q. 59. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly Sabbath?
A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly Sabbath (Gen 2:2-3Exod 20:11); and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian Sabbath (Mark 2:27-28Acts 20:71 Cor 16:1-2Rev 1:10).
Q. 60. How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?
A. The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day (Exod 20:8, 10), even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days (Exod 16:25-28Lev 23:3Neh 13:15-19, 21-22Isa 58:13-14); and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship (Exod 20:8Lev 23:3Ps 92 (title); Isa 66:23Luke 4:16Acts 20:7), except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy (Matt 12:1-13).
Q. 61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?
A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance of the duties required (Ezek 22:26Amos 8:5Mal 1:13), and the profaning the day by idleness (Acts 20:7, 9), or doing that which is in itself sinful (Ezek 23:38), or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works, about our worldly employments or recreations (Neh 13:15-22Jer 17:24-26Isa 58:13).
Q. 62. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God’s allowing us six days of the week for our own employments (Exod 20:9; 31:15-16), his challenging a special property in the seventh (Lev 23:3), his own example (Exod 31:17), and his blessing the Sabbath day (Gen 2:3Exod 20:11).
April 24 – Fifth Commandment / SC Qs 63-66Q.
63. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee (Exod 20:12Deut 5:16).
Q. 64. What is required in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honor, and performing the duties, belonging to everyone in their several places and relations, as superiors (Rom 13:1Eph 5:21), inferiors (1 Pet 2:17Eph 6:9), or equals (Rom 12:10).
Q. 65. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglecting of, or doing anything against, the honor and duty which belongeth to everyone in their several places and relations (Matt 15:4-6Ezek 34:2-4Rom 13:8).
Q. 66. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?
A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment, is a promise of long life and prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God’s glory and their own good) to all such as keep this commandment (Exod 20:12Deut 5:16Eph 6:2-3).

[ Bo in Forney / Marq in Sunnyvale ]

May 1 – Sixth Commandment / SC Qs 67-69

Q. 67. Which is the sixth commandment?
          A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill (Exod 20:13Deut 5:17).

Q. 68. What is required in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavors to preserve our own life (Eph 5:28-29), and the life of others (1 Kgs 18:4Ps 82:3-4Job 29:13).
Q. 69. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A. The sixth commandment forbiddeth the taking away of our own life, or the life of our neighbor unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto (Gen 9:6Prov 24:11-12Matt 5:22Acts 16:281 John 3:15).
May 22 – Seventh Commandment / SC Qs 70-72Q. 70. Which is the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery (Exod 20:14Deut 5:18).
Q. 71. What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our neighbor’s chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior (1 Cor 7:2-3, 5, 34, 361 Thess 4:4Eph 5:11-122 Tim 2:22Col 4:61 Pet 3:2).
Q 72. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions (Matt 15:19; 5:28Eph 5:3-4).
June 5 – Eighth Commandment / SC Qs 73-75Q. 73. Which is the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal (Exod 20:15Deut 5:19).
Q. 74. What is required in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful procuring and furthering the wealth and outward estate of ourselves (Rom 12:17Prov 27:23) and others (Gen 30:301 Tim 5:8Lev 25:35Deut 22:1-5Exod 23:4-5Gen 47:14, 20Eph 4:28bPhil 2:4).
Q. 75. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?
A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may unjustly hinder our own (1 Tim 5:8) or our neighbor’s wealth or outward estate (Job 20:19-20Prov 21:6; 21:17; 23:20–21; 28:19; Eph 4:282 Thess 3:10).
June 12 – Ninth Commandment / SC Qs 76-78Q. 76. Which is the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour (Exod 20:16Deut 5:20).

Q. 77. What is required in the ninth commandment?
A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man (Zech 8:16), and of our own (1 Pet 3:16Acts 25:10) and our neighbor’s good name (3 John 12), especially in witness bearing (Prov 14:5, 25).
Q. 78. What is forbidden in the ninth commandments?
A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is prejudicial to truth (Rom 3:13), or injurious to our own (Job 27:5) or our neighbor’s good name (1 Sam 17:28Lev 19:16Ps 15:3Prov 6:16-19Luke 3:14).
June 19 – Tenth Commandment / SC Qs 79-81Q. 79. Which is the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s (Exod 20:17Deut 5:21).

Q. 80. What is required in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition (Ps 34:1Phil 4:111 Tim 6:6Heb 13:5), with a right and charitable frame of spirit toward our neighbor, and all that is his (Job 31:29Luke 15:6, 9, 11-32Rom 12:151 Cor 13:4-7Phil 2:41 Tim 1:5).
Q. 81. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?
A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate (1 Kgs 21:4Esth 5:131 Cor 10:10), envying or grieving at the good of our neighbor (Gal 5:26Jas 3:14, 16), and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his (Rom 7:7-8; 13:9Deut 5:21Gal 5:26Col 3:5).
July 3 – Guilt / SC Qs 82-84Q. 82. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?
A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the commandments of God (Eccl 7:201 John 1:8, 10Gal 5:17), but doth daily break them in thought, word, and deed (Gen 6:5; 8:21Rom 3:9-21Jas 3:2-13).
Q. 83. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others (Ps 78:17, 32, 56Ezek 8:6, 13, 15Matt 11:20-24John 19:111 John 5:16).
Q. 84. What doth every sin deserve?
A. Every sin deserveth God’s wrath and curse, both in this life, and that which is to come (Eph 5:6Gal 3:10Lam 3:39Matt 25:41Jas 2:10).
July 10 – Grace / SC Qs 85-87Q. 85. What doth God require of us, that we may escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?
A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life (Mark 1:15Acts 20:21), with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption (Prov 2:1-6; 8:33-36Isa 55:3Acts 2:381 Cor 11:24-25Col 3:16).

Q. 86. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace (Eph 2:8-9Rom 4:16Heb 10:39), whereby we receive (John 1:12Isa 26:3-4) and rest upon him alone for salvation (Phil 3:9), as he is offered to us in the gospel (John 20:30-31Gal 2:16Isa 33:22).
Q. 87. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace (Acts 11:182 Tim 2:25), whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sin (Acts 2:37-38), and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ (Ps 51:1-4Jer 3:22Joel 2:12Luke 15:7, 10), doth, with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God (Jer 31:18-19Ezek 36:31Luke 1:16-171 Thess 1:9), with full purpose of, and endeavor after, new obedience (2 Chr 7:14Ps 119:59Isa 1:16-17Matt 3:82 Cor 7:11).
July 24 – Grace / SC Qs 88Q. 88. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption, are his ordinances, especially the Word, sacraments, and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation (Matt 28:19-20)

 

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