In the letter to the Paul wrote that the Holy Spirit —
Illuminates – 1 Cor 2:9-16
But, as it is written, “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined, what God has prepared for those who love him”—These things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God. And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. The spiritual person judges all things, but is himself to be judged by no one. “For who has understood the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him?” But we have the mind of Christ. 12:9-16
- The Holy Spirit shines light into darkened hearts and minds. He enables sinners to see, hear, and imagine what God has prepared for those who love him. Namely, the person and work of the Lord of Glory.
- Not a matter of natural intelligence (IQ) but of gracious illumination.
Indwells – 1 Cor 3:16-17; 6:19-20
Do y’all not know that y’all are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in y’all? If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, and y’all are that temple. 3:16-17
Or do you not know that y’all’s (plural) body (singular) is a temple of the Holy Spirit within y’all, whom y’all have from God? Y’all are not your own, for y’all were bought with a price. So glorify God in y’all’s (pl) body (sg). 6:19-20
- The Holy Spirit dwells in, with, and among God’s people, the church of Christ collectively and universally.
- Paul emphasized corporate indwelling over individual indwelling. All the “you” words are plural; none are singular.
Initiates – 1 Cor 6:11; 12:3
And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God. 6:11
- The Spirit initiates (starts) the work of salvation in us, we do not not initiate it in ourselves. (And what he initiates he completes.)
- The Spirit applies the redemptive work of Christ to sinners of all shapes and sizes — straight, gay, greedy, selfish, et al.
- The Spirit reforms and transforms deformed sinners into the image of Christ.
Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking in the Spirit of God ever says “Jesus is accursed!” and no one can say “Jesus is Lord” except in the Holy Spirit. 12:3
- The Spirit cannot and will not curse Jesus.
- The Spirit gives the gift of faith to sinners so that they might praise Jesus and confess his name.
- Apart from the Spirit’s gracious work and gift, no one is able to confess “Jesus is Lord” from the heart.
Imparts – 1 Cor 12:4-11
Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills.
- The Spirit gives gifts as he wishes and when he desires.
- No one can force or coerce the Spirit to give him a gift.
- Your doctrinal stance does not obligate the Spirit one way or the other. Nor does your personal desire or preference.
Integrates – 12:12-13; cp 6:11
For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit. 12:12-13
- The Spirit integrates you and me into the body of Christ, the church. He brings unity out of diversity.
- Any member that is detached, cut off, or amputated from a body loses connection with the head. As a result, it ceases to receive life-giving power and it dies.
- The Spirit unites us to Christ and to one another in Christ.
[And such were some of you. But you were washed (baptized), you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God. 6:11]
The Holy Spirit is
- God, a divine member of the trinity
- A divine person, not a force, vibe, or energy field
- Jesus-centered, not self-centered
The Holy Spirit works
- in, with, through, by the holy scriptures – never against them, and rarely (if ever) apart from them
- in individuals, especially individuals within the communion of the church